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题名: Impacts of historical socio-economic development policies on eco-environment in great Dunhuang region of China
作者: Ding, WG; Yu, HL; Zhao, C; Xu, H; Chen, LZ; Xu, L
收录类别: SCIE ; SSCI ; A&HCI
出版日期: 2016-01
刊名: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY
卷号: 55, 页码:258-265
出版者: ELSEVIER
出版地: OXFORD
英文摘要: Through methods of historical literature research from 2 B.C. to 1934 A.D. (i.e. from Western Han dynasty to the Republic of China) in the Great Dunhuang region, the authors of this paper made a systematic research for the first time of the impacts that the historical socio-economic development policies had on the eco-environment in Great Dunhuang region in China. A conclusion is drawn that historical socioeconomic development policies in Great Dunhuang region changed dramatically with evolution of feudal dynasties. Prior to Western Han dynasty, nomadic development mode dominated and gradually turned to semi-nomadic, semi-farming development modes. In later dynasties, animal husbandry was gradually reduced and farming became the major source for military and residential livelihood and income generation. Policies of Tun Jun (having garrison troops reclaim wastelands to gather grain), migration, taxation and farming were mainly responsible for the damage to the ecological environment in Great Dunhuang region. Moreover, evolutions of national culture in Great Dunhuang region were also one of the main reasons for the increasingly fragile eco-environment. When Great Dunhuang region was governed by nomadic peoples, animal husbandry was the mainstream and ecological environment remained stable with few sandstorm disasters. When nomadic culture was replaced by farming culture, grasslands and forests were intensively converted into farmland, leading to such disasters as soil erosion, land desertification and sandstorms. Consequently, farming civilization and nomadic civilization are two types of civilization created by human being in the process of development. They both need to adapt to the natural and climate conditions. Using one civilization to replace another would be a failure in natural resource management. The replacement of nomadic civilization might be one major driving factor for the present fragile ecological environment and frequent occurrence of natural disasters in Great Dunhuang region. Therefore, the stability of ecological environment has a close relation to a nation's traditional culture and its management behavior of nature. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词: Great Dunhuang ; Historical period ; Ecological environment ; Evolution ; Policy
作者部门: [Ding, Wenguang ; Yu, Huailiang ; Zhao, Chen ; Xu, Hao ; Chen, Lizhen ; Xu, Luan] Lanzhou Univ, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China ; [Ding, Wenguang ; Yu, Huailiang ; Zhao, Chen ; Xu, Hao ; Chen, Lizhen] Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth & Environm Sci, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China
通讯作者: Ding, WG (reprint author), Lanzhou Univ, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Room 1308,Guanyun Bldg, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China.
学科分类: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
文章类型: Article
所属项目编号: Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities [lzujbky-2013-m02] ; Chinese National Scientific and Technological Support Project, Ministry of Science & Technology, China [2012BAC19B09]
所属项目名称: 国家科技支撑计划 ; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金
项目资助者: MOST ; LZU
语种: 英语
DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2015.10.013
ISSN号: 1462-9011
WOS记录号: WOS:000366775200027
第一机构:
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/151020
Appears in Collections:资源环境学院_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Ding, WG,Yu, HL,Zhao, C,et al. Impacts of historical socio-economic development policies on eco-environment in great Dunhuang region of China[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & POLICY,2016,55:258-265.
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