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题名: Pollutional characteristics and sources analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric fine particulate matter in Lanzhou City
其他题名: 兰州大气细颗粒物中多环芳烃污染特征及来源分析
作者: Li, Ying-Hong; Rao, ZG(饶志国); Tan, Ji-Hua; Duan, Jing-Chun; Ma, Yong-Liang; He, Ke-Bin
收录类别: EI ; BIOSIS ; CSCD
出版日期: 2016-07-15
刊名: 环境科学
卷号: 37, 期号:7, 页码:2428-2435
期刊主办单位: 中国科学院生态环境研究中心
出版者: SCIENCE CHINA PRESS
出版地: BEIJING
中文摘要: 多环芳烃(polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, PAHs)是环境空气中一类重要的有毒化合物,为探究兰州市大气细颗粒物(fine particulate matter, PM_(2.5))中PAHs的污染特征,于2012年冬季和2013年夏季采集兰州市PM_(2.5)样品共60个,并进行了GC/MS分析.结果表明,16种PAHs的冬、夏季平均总质量浓度分别为(191.79±88.29)ng·m~(-3)和(8.94±4.34)ng·m~(-3),冬季污染程度明显严重;降雪是导致兰州冬季大气PM_(2.5)中PAHs质量浓度降低最主要的气象因素;冬、夏季PAHs的环数分布均以4环比例最大,分别为51.40%和49.94%,5~6环比例夏季41.04%,高于冬季24.94%,2~3环比例冬季23.67%,高于夏季9.03%;通过PAHs的特征比值分析,兰州大气PM_(2.5)中PAHs的来源冬季以燃煤源和机动车尾气为主,其中柴油车比例较大;夏季汽油车对PAHs的相对贡献较大.
英文摘要: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of important toxic compounds. In order to detect the pollutional characteristics of atmospheric PAHs in Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5), a total of 60 PM2.5samples were collected in Lanzhou City during the winter of 2012 and summer of 2013. The GC/MS measurement results of the samples demonstrated the averagely total mass concentrations of the most significant 16 homologues of PAHs were (191.79±88.29) ng·m-3and (8.94±4.34) ng·m-3in winter and summer respectively, indicating a higher pollution level in winter. In winter, the snowfall was the most important meteorological factor for the decrease of PAHs mass concentration in PM2.5. The percentages of PAHs with 4 rings were the highest in both winter (51.40%) and summer (49.94%) in Lanzhou. The percentage of PAHs with 5-6 rings in summer (41.04%) was higher than that in winter (24.94%). However, the percentage of PAHs with 2-3 rings in summer (9.03%) was lower than that in winter (23.67%). Based on the analysis of characteristic ratios, we concluded that the PAHs in atmospheric PM2.5in Lanzhou were mainly sourced from coal and vehicle emissions in winter, especially the diesel vehicles. The absolute contributions of all possible PAHs pollution sources were insignificant in summer, with relatively higher contribution from gasoline vehicles. © 2016, Science Press. All right reserved.
关键词: 兰州 ; PM_(2.5) ; PAHs ; 季节变化 ; 来源分析
作者部门: (1) Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou ; 730000, China ; (2) College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing ; 100049, China ; (3) State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing ; 100012, China ; (4) State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing ; 100084, China
通讯作者: Rao, Zhi-Guo (zgrao@lzu.edu.cn)
学科分类: Organic Compounds; Materials Science
文章类型: Article
所属项目编号: 国家自然科学基金项目 ; 国家环境保护大气复合污染来源与控制重点实验室基金项目
所属项目名称: 国家自然科学基金项目
项目资助者: NSFC
语种: 中文
DOI: 10.13227/j.hjkx.2016.07.003
ISSN号: 0250-3301
CSCD记录号: CSCD:5744076
EI记录号: 20163102669144
BIOSIS记录号: BCI:BCI201600761085
IR记录号: 20163102669144
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/182342
Appears in Collections:资源环境学院_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Li, Ying-Hong,Rao, Zhi-Guo,Tan, Ji-Hua,et al. Pollutional characteristics and sources analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric fine particulate matter in Lanzhou City[J]. Huanjing Kexue/Environmental Science,2016,37(7):2428-2435.
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