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题名: History and possible mechanisms of prehistoric human migration to the Tibetan Plateau
作者: Zhang, DJ; Dong, GH(董广辉); Wang, H; Ren, XY; Ha, PP; Qiang, MR; Chen, FH(陈发虎)
收录类别: SCIE ; SSCI ; A&HCI ; EI
出版日期: 2016-09
刊名: SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES
卷号: 59, 期号:9, 页码:1765-1778
期刊主办单位: 中国科学院
出版者: SCIENCE CHINA PRESS
出版地: BEIJING
英文摘要: Prehistoric human history on the Tibetan Plateau is a hotly debated topic. Archaeological research on the plateau during the past few decades has enormously improved our understanding of the topic and makes it possible for us to consider the processes and mechanisms of prehistoric human migration to the region. By reviewing the published archaeological research on the Tibetan Plateau, we propose that the first people on the plateau initially spread into the He-Huang region from the Chinese Loess Plateau, and then moved to the low elevation Northeastern Tibetan Plateau and perhaps subsequently to the entire plateau. This process consisted of four stages. (1) During the climatic amelioration of the Last Deglacial period (15-11.6 ka BP), Upper Paleolithic hunter-gatherers with a developed microlithic technology first spread into the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. (2) In the early-mid Holocene (11.6-6 ka BP), Epipaleolithic microlithic hunter-gatherers were widely distributed on the northeastern plateau and spread southwards to the interior plateau, possibly with millet agriculture developed in the neighboring low elevation regions. (3) In the mid-late Holocene (6-4 ka BP), Neolithic millet farmers spread into low elevation river valleys in the northeastern and southeastern plateau areas. (4) In the late Holocene (4-2.3 ka BP), Bronze Age barley and wheat farmers further settled on the high elevation regions of the Tibetan Plateau, especially after 3.6 ka BP. Finally, we suggest that all of the reported Paleolithic sites earlier than the LGM on the Tibetan Plateau need further examination.
关键词: Tibetan Plateau ; Prehistoric archaeology ; Human migration ; Driving mechanisms
作者部门: [Zhang DongJu ; Dong GuangHui ; Qiang MingRui ; Chen FaHu] Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth Environm Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China ; [Wang Hui] Gansu Prov Inst Cultural Relics & Archaeol Res, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China ; [Ren XiaoYan] Qinghai Prov Inst Cultural Relics & Archaeol Res, Xining 810007, Peoples R China ; [Ha PiPu'u] Cultural Rel Conservat Inst, Lhasa 850000, Peoples R China
通讯作者: Zhang, DJ ; Chen, FH (reprint author), Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth Environm Sci, Minist Educ, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China.
学科分类: Geology
文章类型: Article
所属项目编号: National Natural Science Foundation of China [41101087, 41171168] ; Project of Tracing Civilization Origin [2013BAK08B02] ; Lanzhou University [LZUJBKY-2014-121, LZUJBKY-2016-159, LZUJBKY-2015-K09, LZUJBKY-2014-120]
所属项目名称: 国家自然科学基金项目 ; 国家科技支撑计划 ; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金
项目资助者: NSFC ; MOST ; LZU
语种: 英语
DOI: 10.1007/s11430-015-5482-x
ISSN号: 1674-7313
WOS记录号: WOS:000382669900006
EI记录号: 20163202692119
IR记录号: WOS:000382669900006
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内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.lzu.edu.cn/handle/262010/182379
Appears in Collections:资源环境学院_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Zhang, DJ,Dong, GH,Wang, H,et al. History and possible mechanisms of prehistoric human migration to the Tibetan Plateau[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2016,59(9):1765-1778.
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